Tag Archives: BOL

Common Trucking Terms

All industries have their own jargon, and the trucking industry is no exception. It can be difficult for a new driver or even someone who has been driving a while to understand all the terms specific to the industry. Whether you are a hot shot carrier or you drive long hauls, here are some common terms and their definitions to help you better understand communications from others.

  • Backhaul: The return of a vehicle back to its point of origin
  • Berth: Area behind the truck cab for sleeping
  • Bobtail: A tractor without a trailer
  • BOL: Bill of Lading, confirms the receipt of goods and includes cargo description, origin and destination
  • Broker: The liaison, individual, or company, between shippers and carriers
  • Cargo Weight: Combined weight of cargo, gears, and supplies
  • CB: Citizen’s Band Radio, a two-way communication system
  • Chassis Weight: The weight of a truck without cargo
  • COE: Cab-Over-Engine, a truck where the cab is located over the engine
  • COFC: Container on Flat Car, a shipping container on a railroad car
  • Consignee: The person or location receiving a shipment
  • CPM: Cents per mile
  • DC: Distribution Center
  • Dead-Heading: Driving a truck with no cargo
  • Double Drop: A flatbed suitable for over-sized or over-height loads
  • EOBR: Electric On-Board Recorder saves information about the trip
  • Flatbed: Open trailer
  • GCW: Gross Combination Weight including the cargo, truck, and trailer
  • Hazmat: Hazardous materials
  • Headache Rack: Protects the driver from cargo that shifted forward
  • Hotshot: A small trailer pulled by a pickup truck for small loads
  • Lowboy: A flatbed trailer for carrying tall loads
  • Owner-Operator: Someone who owns or leases and drives their truck
  • Payload: Cargo weight
  • Reefer: A refrigerated truck
  • Runaway Ramp: An area of low-grade where a truck that lost power to the brakes can slow down
  • Straight Truck: A truck that is all in one piece, rather than a tractor/trailer
  • WIM: Weigh-In-Motion, Gets the weight of a truck when it slowly passes through the station without needing it to stop.