Tyre Safety Advice

Keeping your tyres safe involves a number of actions. These include maintaining tyres that are not worn or damaged. It also involves having the right tyres for the weather conditions around you, including using proper tyres during the winter. Safe tyres mean that your vehicle passes the MOT test. More importantly, maintaining safe tyres reduces the risk of damage to your vehicle and potential danger to you, your passengers and other road users.

Tyre Structure

Tyres must be fit for purpose and not have any defects that might result in damage to the road. They must also not be damaged in a way that endangers people. Driving with damaged or worn tyres on a motor vehicle or trailer puts drivers at risk of receiving a fine. It is against the law to operate a motor vehicle or trailer with potentially dangerous tyres. You can also invalidate your car insurance by using worn or damaged tyres.

Fit for purpose means that the tyres must not having any lumps, bulges or tears as a result of separation or failure of the tyre’s structure. It also means that the tyres must not have any cuts or tears that are more than 25 millimetres or ten per cent of the tyre’s width, whichever is greater. The ply or cord must also not be visible. Each tyre must also be compatible with others fitted on your motor vehicle or trailer. Tyres that do not meet these guidelines should be replaced.

Tread Depth

Maintaining proper tread depth is essential for keeping your vehicle and others safe. The tread is the part of the tyre that is in contact with the road. Worn tyres do not have the same ability to grip the road in the same way as tyres with the right amount of tread. Tyres with little or no tread could cause accidents on wet roads. This is because the tyre does not have the grooving necessary to channel water out, which results in hydroplaning. The inability to control your vehicle is also reduced in snowy conditions.

Minimum tread depth will depend on the type of vehicle. For passenger vehicles with up to 8 passenger seats, the minimum tread depth is 1.6 millimetres. This is also the case for goods vehicles and light trailers with a gross weight of 3,500 kilograms or less. Larger vehicles and motorcycles with 50 cc engines and over must have at least 1.0 millimetres of tread depth. Other motorcycles under 50 cc and mopeds must have the original tread pattern visible.

Tyre Pressure

Maintaining properly inflated tyres will optimise their performance. This means that the tyre lasts longer and provides a more comfortable ride, and gives you the control and stability they were designed to deliver. Properly inflated tyres also helps to maximise the fuel economy of your vehicle. Underinflated tyres are difficult to control and could lead to a dangerous blowout. This is because the tyre is in greater contact with the road, which generates more heat that could lead to a blowout that may result in you losing control of your vehicle. Overinflated tyres are more prone to damage, especially when driving over debris on the road or potholes.

Tyres need to be inflated to correctly to the recommended pressure, as indicated by manufacturers and in your vehicle’s manual. When you are inflating your tyres, always confirm the correct pressure outlined in your manual. It is always a good idea to check your tyre pressure once a month. Since tyres lose pressure quicker in hotter temperatures, you should check your tyres more frequently during the summer.

Wheel Alignment

It is important to keep wheels properly aligned. This helps ensure that the vehicle is safe and efficient, and behaves in the way that was intended by the manufacturer. Wheels can become misaligned with everyday driving and other factors, including driving over a pothole or hitting a kerb. Wheels that are out of alignment can become unstable, especially when taking evasive action. This can affect your ability to handle the vehicle safely.

Misaligned wheels also increase the rate of wear on your tyres. Wheels that are not properly aligned could lead to certain wheels wearing more than others. Having the alignment of your wheels checked increases the durability of your tyres. Rotating tyres at least once a year will also reduce disproportional wear on your tyres. Properly aligned wheels can add thousands of miles to the lifespan of the tyre by preventing premature wear, which will help you save money. It also improves fuel economy and early tyre disposal, which also helps the environment.

Cold Weather Tyres

When temperatures drop, the ability to control your vehicle also decreases. Temperatures of under seven degrees Celsius means that the grip level of regular tyres is reduced. This is because rubber becomes less flexible in colder weather. The ability of a tyre to grip properly can mean the difference between stopping or manoeuvring effectively and a collision. Adapting your driving style to cold weather conditions including going slower can reduce the chances of skidding or a collision.

One of the best ways to improve safety and performance is to buy cold weather or winter tyres. Winter tyres are designed with tread patterns that disperse slush. They also provide improved grip in cold and damp conditions, making them ideal for driving in cold weather as well as snowy and icy conditions. You will need to buy a second set of tyres and potentially a second set of rims if you don’t want to use the same ones throughout the year. As an alternative, all-weather or hybrid tyres are designed for use throughout the year.

Common Trucking Terms

All industries have their own jargon, and the trucking industry is no exception. It can be difficult for a new driver or even someone who has been driving a while to understand all the terms specific to the industry. Whether you are a hot shot carrier or you drive long hauls, here are some common terms and their definitions to help you better understand communications from others.

  • Backhaul: The return of a vehicle back to its point of origin
  • Berth: Area behind the truck cab for sleeping
  • Bobtail: A tractor without a trailer
  • BOL: Bill of Lading, confirms the receipt of goods and includes cargo description, origin and destination
  • Broker: The liaison, individual, or company, between shippers and carriers
  • Cargo Weight: Combined weight of cargo, gears, and supplies
  • CB: Citizen’s Band Radio, a two-way communication system
  • Chassis Weight: The weight of a truck without cargo
  • COE: Cab-Over-Engine, a truck where the cab is located over the engine
  • COFC: Container on Flat Car, a shipping container on a railroad car
  • Consignee: The person or location receiving a shipment
  • CPM: Cents per mile
  • DC: Distribution Center
  • Dead-Heading: Driving a truck with no cargo
  • Double Drop: A flatbed suitable for over-sized or over-height loads
  • EOBR: Electric On-Board Recorder saves information about the trip
  • Flatbed: Open trailer
  • GCW: Gross Combination Weight including the cargo, truck, and trailer
  • Hazmat: Hazardous materials
  • Headache Rack: Protects the driver from cargo that shifted forward
  • Hotshot: A small trailer pulled by a pickup truck for small loads
  • Lowboy: A flatbed trailer for carrying tall loads
  • Owner-Operator: Someone who owns or leases and drives their truck
  • Payload: Cargo weight
  • Reefer: A refrigerated truck
  • Runaway Ramp: An area of low-grade where a truck that lost power to the brakes can slow down
  • Straight Truck: A truck that is all in one piece, rather than a tractor/trailer
  • WIM: Weigh-In-Motion, Gets the weight of a truck when it slowly passes through the station without needing it to stop.

The Most Important Factors to Consider when Purchasing a Used Van

When purchasing a used van, you need to be very careful. It’s not like buying a used car, after all. Vans are made and bought for travelling long distances, usually with a load in the back, and this could seriously affect the value and the quality of the van. A used van could have driven many miles and carried many a load – chances are that the potential buyer is unaware of the history, and the potential seller is not likely to offer an honest record. What the van has been through, therefore, often remains a mystery. So how do you know you’re getting a good deal? How do you judge the quality of the vehicle? Here are the most important factors to consider when purchasing a used van.

The bodywork

The bodywork will immediately tell you a story. A van with a lot of rust may be over-used or insufficiently maintained, and this could lead to a lot of headaches or unwanted expenses down the line. Don’t just check the wings, sills, and below the bumpers – don’t forget to see what the situation is like under the wheel arches, around the door frames, and at the corners of the windscreen.

the-most-important-factors-to-consider-when-purchasing-a-used-vanThe suspension

Suspension is very important – it protects the car or van, after all. Pressing down on one corner of the van will give you an idea of what the state of the suspension is. The van should move slightly down but bounce back and remain in that position if the shock absorbers are still in proper working order.

The electrical system

The electrical system will influence the inner mechanism of the van – a good way to check it is to see how the lights work. If they flicker or dim, avoid the van and find another one. The rest of the electrical system may be worse.

The engine

Start the engine and listen for unusual noises. Also check for smoke or too much exhaust, as this could be a sign of internal problems or a dirty engine.

The interior

The condition of the interior will tell you a lot about who drove it previously. Ensure the dashboard doesn’t flash any warning signals; check the mechanism of the seatbelts and test the windows.

Of course, there are many other things that should be checked. The steering should be comfortable and easy, and not allow free play. If the van has air conditioning, it’s important to ensure it works properly – it should be strong and not noisy. And of course there is the paperwork to consider; all documents should be properly kept, regardless if you opt for new vans for sale or used vans. Luckily there are agencies who can verify these things for you. When you consider buying a van, it pays to double-check everything – enlist the help of an expert, if necessary.

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3 Reasons To Invest in Indian Automobile Sector

The Indian automobile market is slowly gaining momentum and the auto experts have predicted better days ahead. The enquiries have started to pour in, inventories are now getting off shelf, new cars are being launched and the sales are getting executed.  People can drive like a boss in a stunning car. True bil is India first and largest marketplace to sell and buy automobiles. You can shop most popular car models from Maruti, Suzuki, Toyoto, Hundai, and more with ease. You can shop from the widest collection of used cars and get the power of elegance in your hands. They also offer broad catalog of Second hand cars in Mumbai such as used i20 Mumbai, used swift car and more along with the comprehensive services. The emergence of e-commerce sites has increased manifold and more number of first time buyers are now investing in automotive sectors.

Having said this, here are the 3 other important reasons that confirm bright prospects for Indian automobile industry:

Aim to make India a global automotive hub: The term from the year 2012 to 2016 was a consolidation period that saw car market making some good grounds. The last 4 years saw host of decisions that will have far reaching positive effects on Indian Automotive sector.  The governments have aimed to make Indian a global automotive hub, with special emphasis on the export of small cars, MUVs, two- and three-wheelers and auto components.

New initiative taken by the Government:  The new initiative mission plan is undertaken by the government to accelerate and sustain growth in automotive sector. One of them was the evolution of online automobile website. The plan also aims to double the contribution of the automotive sector to the country’s GDP by taking its turnover to USD 146 billion and offering additional employment opportunity to 24 million people by 2016.

Low tax regime: Apart from the policies introduced by the government for the auto industry, another positive step taken by the Government of India has been the tax relief provided in the 2016 budget. The third reason that establishes the supremacy of car market in India is the low tax rate regime. The Indian Government has proactively cut the excise duty thereby leading to increased investment in infrastructure sector. Additionally, the scope for further rate cut confirms the low interest rate cycle India has stepped in. All of these parameters point to positive future for auto industry in the country.

All of the measures will give the much needed impetus to the growth of automobile in medium to long term. The car manufacturer and investors in India can be rest assured of some record gains in the years to come by.

Buying a New Car – What Are the Benefits and When to Buy One?

While buying a new or pre-owned car, you need to consider a lot of things. Buying pre-owned car can save significantly. However, investing in a new one outweighs the savings of purchasing a pre-owned one.

Buying a New Car - What Are the Benefits and When to Buy One

Benefits of buying new car

Full warranty

On new Toyota cars buyers get full warranty against certain issues for specific time period. Warranty reduces the possibilities of high maintenance in the first 2 years of ownership. Understand the precise warranty details before you purchase the Toyota.

Better finance rates

New car will certainly get best loan rates from banks rather than used car. New cars are more worthy and provide better collateral. There is less possibility of breakdown because if car is not drivable, car owners stop making payments.

Ownership & maintenance history

You do not have to worry about the way car has been treated for example, whether it has an accident history, was well-maintained or driven roughly. Insurance company reports buyers about accident history, but do not convey previous driver’s habits or about performing regular maintenance.

Freedom of choice

Buying new Toyota enables you to select the model, trim, color, accessories and more. If the dealer you visit does not have the desired aspect then you can go to another dealer. However, at pre-owner car dealers, you need to select from whatever is available.

Thus you can see buying new Toyota car is a good idea but you can even benefit more to select the best time to buy.

Tips to save thousands

When to purchase new cars?

Some dealers provide real bargains in February & August because sales are slow as buyers wait for new number plates, which come in March & September. However, you will have to get satisfied with old number plates. It will make the car seem old than it actually is.

Towards the end of December & June, car dealers are very keen to reach their quarterly sales target, so they offer a good deal. If you wish to buy convertibles for summer then the best bargains can be attained in winter. On weekdays, the showrooms are quiet, so drop on Friday’s. The dealer will be eager to fulfill their weekly target. If you are lucky you can get Toyota coupons and save significant cash on repair or maintenance.

If you desire to buy a new model then wait couple of months, after the launch. Till then the showroom buzz will lessen, so dealers will provide some good perks.

When to buy pre-owned cars?

March & September are peak months for buying new cars, basically through exchange deals, so you get good deals on pre-owned cars.

In July & early August, dealers are eager to clear used car collection and prepare for new models & registration plate changes in September.

Buy 4-wheel drive cars in summer because demand escalates in late autumn & winter, due to poor weather.

To get a good deal on a new or pre-owned car, it is wise to learn the art of negotiation. Make sure to keep your eyes on the calendar and thus take advantage of the seasonal aspects that impact car trade.