Your car is likely in great shape the first six months you drive it. Six months into use, or 6,000 miles later, you will need to take it for its interim service, which takes about an hour and a half. After a year of constant use, or 12,000 miles later, you will be required to take it in for a full service. This takes about three hours. It is imperative to do this if you intend to keep that car for longer than just one year.
If along the way there is need to take it in for more than just regular service, then it is commendable that you do that as soon as you notice signs of exhaustion.
Some of the ways to know that your car may need attention include:
- Leaks – If you can is leaking, you may want to have it checked to rule out any serious impediment.
- A Smoking Exhaust – The color of the smoke that your car emits will tell you the story of the engine (if there is a leak), a leak in the coolant, or if too much oil is being burnt.
- Creaking Sounds – There are sounds that you know to be typical of your car. If you start it one morning, and you notice creaking and screeching sounds that are not normal to it, then you could be at the onset of car trouble.
- Smell-You are familiar with the smell of the unnoticeable fumes from your car. If one day you get some odd rotten smell emissions, then there could be a whole lot of things going on in the interior system of your car. Different smells signify different things. The attendant at the auto repair shop should be in the best position to identify the problem.
Just like your laptop, some things in your car do not necessitate the attention of an expert. At the end of it, though, you may just have to consult your mechanic before a minor problem escalates to a bigger one. Here is how you can retain a great working relationship with your mechanic:
- Communicate Accurately
Let them tell you what the diagnosis is and what they are planning to do to your car. Once the repairs are done, they can give you some expert advice on how to prevent the problem from happening again. Importantly, talk upfront about the price of the work that they are about to do.
- Leave them to their work
You may want to check in and have them talk you through every step of the repair, but they have a job to do: to have your car working in perfect condition. The sooner you leave them alone, the sooner your job will be done.
- Avail Yourself
Be available on the phone or in person when they need you. Proper communication makes it possible to have the job done with ease and to your satisfaction.
Having a regular mechanic helps a lot because you are assured to have one person who understands your car from the get-go, just like having a personal doctor.
Written by Marc Laferierre, owner of Dents Unlimited. Dents Unlimited offers the best car repair Columbia MO has to offer.
Keeping your tyres safe involves a number of actions. These include maintaining tyres that are not worn or damaged. It also involves having the right tyres for the weather conditions around you, including using proper tyres during the winter. Safe tyres mean that your vehicle passes the MOT test. More importantly, maintaining safe tyres reduces the risk of damage to your vehicle and potential danger to you, your passengers and other road users.
Tyres must be fit for purpose and not have any defects that might result in damage to the road. They must also not be damaged in a way that endangers people. Driving with damaged or worn tyres on a motor vehicle or trailer puts drivers at risk of receiving a fine. It is against the law to operate a motor vehicle or trailer with potentially dangerous tyres. You can also invalidate your car insurance by using worn or damaged tyres.
Fit for purpose means that the tyres must not having any lumps, bulges or tears as a result of separation or failure of the tyre’s structure. It also means that the tyres must not have any cuts or tears that are more than 25 millimetres or ten per cent of the tyre’s width, whichever is greater. The ply or cord must also not be visible. Each tyre must also be compatible with others fitted on your motor vehicle or trailer. Tyres that do not meet these guidelines should be replaced.
Maintaining proper tread depth is essential for keeping your vehicle and others safe. The tread is the part of the tyre that is in contact with the road. Worn tyres do not have the same ability to grip the road in the same way as tyres with the right amount of tread. Tyres with little or no tread could cause accidents on wet roads. This is because the tyre does not have the grooving necessary to channel water out, which results in hydroplaning. The inability to control your vehicle is also reduced in snowy conditions.
Minimum tread depth will depend on the type of vehicle. For passenger vehicles with up to 8 passenger seats, the minimum tread depth is 1.6 millimetres. This is also the case for goods vehicles and light trailers with a gross weight of 3,500 kilograms or less. Larger vehicles and motorcycles with 50 cc engines and over must have at least 1.0 millimetres of tread depth. Other motorcycles under 50 cc and mopeds must have the original tread pattern visible.
Maintaining properly inflated tyres will optimise their performance. This means that the tyre lasts longer and provides a more comfortable ride, and gives you the control and stability they were designed to deliver. Properly inflated tyres also helps to maximise the fuel economy of your vehicle. Underinflated tyres are difficult to control and could lead to a dangerous blowout. This is because the tyre is in greater contact with the road, which generates more heat that could lead to a blowout that may result in you losing control of your vehicle. Overinflated tyres are more prone to damage, especially when driving over debris on the road or potholes.
Tyres need to be inflated to correctly to the recommended pressure, as indicated by manufacturers and in your vehicle’s manual. When you are inflating your tyres, always confirm the correct pressure outlined in your manual. It is always a good idea to check your tyre pressure once a month. Since tyres lose pressure quicker in hotter temperatures, you should check your tyres more frequently during the summer.
It is important to keep wheels properly aligned. This helps ensure that the vehicle is safe and efficient, and behaves in the way that was intended by the manufacturer. Wheels can become misaligned with everyday driving and other factors, including driving over a pothole or hitting a kerb. Wheels that are out of alignment can become unstable, especially when taking evasive action. This can affect your ability to handle the vehicle safely.
Misaligned wheels also increase the rate of wear on your tyres. Wheels that are not properly aligned could lead to certain wheels wearing more than others. Having the alignment of your wheels checked increases the durability of your tyres. Rotating tyres at least once a year will also reduce disproportional wear on your tyres. Properly aligned wheels can add thousands of miles to the lifespan of the tyre by preventing premature wear, which will help you save money. It also improves fuel economy and early tyre disposal, which also helps the environment.
Cold Weather Tyres
When temperatures drop, the ability to control your vehicle also decreases. Temperatures of under seven degrees Celsius means that the grip level of regular tyres is reduced. This is because rubber becomes less flexible in colder weather. The ability of a tyre to grip properly can mean the difference between stopping or manoeuvring effectively and a collision. Adapting your driving style to cold weather conditions including going slower can reduce the chances of skidding or a collision.
One of the best ways to improve safety and performance is to buy cold weather or winter tyres. Winter tyres are designed with tread patterns that disperse slush. They also provide improved grip in cold and damp conditions, making them ideal for driving in cold weather as well as snowy and icy conditions. You will need to buy a second set of tyres and potentially a second set of rims if you don’t want to use the same ones throughout the year. As an alternative, all-weather or hybrid tyres are designed for use throughout the year.
All industries have their own jargon, and the trucking industry is no exception. It can be difficult for a new driver or even someone who has been driving a while to understand all the terms specific to the industry. Whether you are a hot shot carrier or you drive long hauls, here are some common terms and their definitions to help you better understand communications from others.
- Backhaul: The return of a vehicle back to its point of origin
- Berth: Area behind the truck cab for sleeping
- Bobtail: A tractor without a trailer
- BOL: Bill of Lading, confirms the receipt of goods and includes cargo description, origin and destination
- Broker: The liaison, individual, or company, between shippers and carriers
- Cargo Weight: Combined weight of cargo, gears, and supplies
- CB: Citizen’s Band Radio, a two-way communication system
- Chassis Weight: The weight of a truck without cargo
- COE: Cab-Over-Engine, a truck where the cab is located over the engine
- COFC: Container on Flat Car, a shipping container on a railroad car
- Consignee: The person or location receiving a shipment
- CPM: Cents per mile
- DC: Distribution Center
- Dead-Heading: Driving a truck with no cargo
- Double Drop: A flatbed suitable for over-sized or over-height loads
- EOBR: Electric On-Board Recorder saves information about the trip
- Flatbed: Open trailer
- GCW: Gross Combination Weight including the cargo, truck, and trailer
- Hazmat: Hazardous materials
- Headache Rack: Protects the driver from cargo that shifted forward
- Hotshot: A small trailer pulled by a pickup truck for small loads
- Lowboy: A flatbed trailer for carrying tall loads
- Owner-Operator: Someone who owns or leases and drives their truck
- Payload: Cargo weight
- Reefer: A refrigerated truck
- Runaway Ramp: An area of low-grade where a truck that lost power to the brakes can slow down
- Straight Truck: A truck that is all in one piece, rather than a tractor/trailer
- WIM: Weigh-In-Motion, Gets the weight of a truck when it slowly passes through the station without needing it to stop.
When purchasing a used van, you need to be very careful. It’s not like buying a used car, after all. Vans are made and bought for travelling long distances, usually with a load in the back, and this could seriously affect the value and the quality of the van. A used van could have driven many miles and carried many a load – chances are that the potential buyer is unaware of the history, and the potential seller is not likely to offer an honest record. What the van has been through, therefore, often remains a mystery. So how do you know you’re getting a good deal? How do you judge the quality of the vehicle? Here are the most important factors to consider when purchasing a used van.
The bodywork will immediately tell you a story. A van with a lot of rust may be over-used or insufficiently maintained, and this could lead to a lot of headaches or unwanted expenses down the line. Don’t just check the wings, sills, and below the bumpers – don’t forget to see what the situation is like under the wheel arches, around the door frames, and at the corners of the windscreen.
Suspension is very important – it protects the car or van, after all. Pressing down on one corner of the van will give you an idea of what the state of the suspension is. The van should move slightly down but bounce back and remain in that position if the shock absorbers are still in proper working order.
The electrical system
The electrical system will influence the inner mechanism of the van – a good way to check it is to see how the lights work. If they flicker or dim, avoid the van and find another one. The rest of the electrical system may be worse.
Start the engine and listen for unusual noises. Also check for smoke or too much exhaust, as this could be a sign of internal problems or a dirty engine.
The condition of the interior will tell you a lot about who drove it previously. Ensure the dashboard doesn’t flash any warning signals; check the mechanism of the seatbelts and test the windows.
Of course, there are many other things that should be checked. The steering should be comfortable and easy, and not allow free play. If the van has air conditioning, it’s important to ensure it works properly – it should be strong and not noisy. And of course there is the paperwork to consider; all documents should be properly kept, regardless if you opt for new vans for sale or used vans. Luckily there are agencies who can verify these things for you. When you consider buying a van, it pays to double-check everything – enlist the help of an expert, if necessary.
Image attributed to stockimages/FreeDigitalPhotos.net
The Indian automobile market is slowly gaining momentum and the auto experts have predicted better days ahead. The enquiries have started to pour in, inventories are now getting off shelf, new cars are being launched and the sales are getting executed. People can drive like a boss in a stunning car. True bil is India first and largest marketplace to sell and buy automobiles. You can shop most popular car models from Maruti, Suzuki, Toyoto, Hundai, and more with ease. You can shop from the widest collection of used cars and get the power of elegance in your hands. They also offer broad catalog of Second hand cars in Mumbai such as used i20 Mumbai, used swift car and more along with the comprehensive services. The emergence of e-commerce sites has increased manifold and more number of first time buyers are now investing in automotive sectors.
Having said this, here are the 3 other important reasons that confirm bright prospects for Indian automobile industry:
Aim to make India a global automotive hub: The term from the year 2012 to 2016 was a consolidation period that saw car market making some good grounds. The last 4 years saw host of decisions that will have far reaching positive effects on Indian Automotive sector. The governments have aimed to make Indian a global automotive hub, with special emphasis on the export of small cars, MUVs, two- and three-wheelers and auto components.
New initiative taken by the Government: The new initiative mission plan is undertaken by the government to accelerate and sustain growth in automotive sector. One of them was the evolution of online automobile website. The plan also aims to double the contribution of the automotive sector to the country’s GDP by taking its turnover to USD 146 billion and offering additional employment opportunity to 24 million people by 2016.
Low tax regime: Apart from the policies introduced by the government for the auto industry, another positive step taken by the Government of India has been the tax relief provided in the 2016 budget. The third reason that establishes the supremacy of car market in India is the low tax rate regime. The Indian Government has proactively cut the excise duty thereby leading to increased investment in infrastructure sector. Additionally, the scope for further rate cut confirms the low interest rate cycle India has stepped in. All of these parameters point to positive future for auto industry in the country.
All of the measures will give the much needed impetus to the growth of automobile in medium to long term. The car manufacturer and investors in India can be rest assured of some record gains in the years to come by.